Dealing with this species more than any other, carpenter ants are the largest of all ant species and range from 1/8 to 1 inch long, with slightly larger sized queens. Carpenter ants identification hinges on colour; they’re typically black in colour, but some species can be found in red and black, solid red, or brown.
Interesting carpenter ant facts include that adult winged females lose their wings soon after mating. Elsewhere, all worker carpenter ants are wingless. Mature colonies range in size from several thousand workers, to upwards of 10,000 – 15,000. Additionally, black carpenter ants complete their life cycle in roughly 60 days. Carpenter ants’ main colonies rely on a constant source of moisture to survive with nests coming in two forms – parent nests and satellite nests. Queens reside in the parent nest while satellite nests host expanded colonies.
Carpenter ants are social insects that can usually be found nesting in wood. This ant species do not eat wood, but do excavate galleries for their nesting areas. Carpenter ants and carpenter ants with wings actively feed at night and the early morning hours, preferring to snack on sugary solutions like sweet honeydew. Feasting on a wide variety of foods, carpenter ants eat other insects too.
Because they nest in wood, the key to carpenter ants control is making sure any decaying piles of wood are be removed from the property. All food items should be stored in sealed containers, and any food spills should be cleaned up immediately. Elsewhere, home moisture levels should be evaluated too. This means fixing any potential leakage areas including plumbing, roofing, and drainage systems. Clipping tree limbs and brush that touch or overhang the house can help wipe out the bridges that carpenter ants use to enter your home. Because it’s difficult to locate and provide treatment for carpenter ants, a pest control company is your best bet at eliminating this problem. Contact us to find out more about carpenter ants control.
Pavement ants are 1/16 to 1/8-inches long and have lighter coloured legs with a dark body coated in stiff hairs. They have two small spines on the back portion of the thorax, and two nodes in their petioles.
The developmental time from egg to adult for pavement ants is 36 to 63 days. Located indoors, the swarmers can emerge anytime. Outdoors, they’ll usually emerge in the summer months of June and July.
Pavement ants nest outdoors under flat stones, sidewalks, concrete slabs, and along curbing. They invade structures in search of food, and are a particular problem in areas where slab-on-concrete construction is prevalent. Once inside structures, they nest in walls, insulation, floors, and will find their way to heat sources in the winter.
Wondering how to get rid of pavement ants? Remember that pavement ants are especially attracted to sweets. Therefore, sugary and protein-based baits are the best ways of ridding your property of them. Baits should be placed where ant trails have been established, and in locations where the ants have been sighted. When a nest cannot be located, a barrier spray treatment should be applied to foundations and the soil adjacent to the building. This is effective in repelling foraging workers, as well as preventing them from re-entering the structure. Contact us to find out more about how to get rid of pavement ants.
The pharaoh ant is small relative to the species, measuring from 1.5 to 2 mm (1/16th to 1/12th an inch) in size. The workers are all one size (monomorphic). The pharaoh ant’s colour varies from golden yellow to reddish. Pharaoh ants originated in and derive from the tropics meaning they cannot survive the Canadian climate year-round.
Females mate and procreate in nests, and new colonies are formed by “budding”. Budding is when part of the main colony migrates to a new location, meaning there can be up to hundreds of thousands of ants in one widespread colony.
Other interesting pharaoh ant facts include that females produce 350-400 eggs in their lifetime. The entire life cycle is completed in 38 to 45 days. The life span of workers is approximately nine to ten weeks, while queens live four to twelve months.
Pharaoh ants nest in a wide variety of locations within a structure, and are very difficult to target and control. However, it is useful to look near sources of water and food. They typically nest in warm, hard to reach areas such as walls, splash boards of kitchen countertops, and in-wall sockets.
Pharaoh ants prefer to indulge in meats or greases, but will also feed on sugar syrups and jellies.
Wondering how to get rid of pharaoh ants? Pharaoh ants must be treated by using protein and sugar baits placed as close as possible to the nesting areas. Above all, it is very important not to use any insecticide sprays or dusts as this will stress the colony – causing it to split and spread, making the problem much more difficult to contain. Contact us to find out more on how to get rid of pharaoh ants.
Also known as red harvester ants, red ants are typically 3/8 to 1/2 of an inch long and earn their name from their seed collecting behaviour. Depending on the exact species, they are orange to red or brownish black in colour. Red harvester ants have six legs and feature long hairs on the underside of their heads, appearing like a beard.
Red harvester ants aggressively defend their nests and have a painful sting that can lead to anaphylactic reactions in humans and animals. Mating by swarming, queens and males swarm in late summer with males dying after mating. Areas of bare soil in your yard may suggest a red harvester ant infestation has taken place.
Red harvester ants gather seeds as their primary food source and clear large circular areas around the entrance hole of their nests. Some species construct mounds while others carry excavated soil away from the nest and remove it.
Removing red harvester ants is difficult given the large size of colonies plus the fact they can sting. This species is controlled via the use of ant baits. Trust Terminix Canada’s professionals to get rid of red harvester ants for you. We have the persistence and skill to use different baits to remove your red harvester ant infestation for good. Contact us today.
Also known as red imported fire ants, fire ants measure around 1.6 to 5mm and are reddish brown in colour. Distinguished by their dark coloured stinger, fire ants originate from Europe. According to Barry Hicks, a scientist at College of the North Atlantic’s Carbonear campus, fire ants have inhabited Newfoundland for at least 100 to 150 years and have previously been discovered in Carbonear, Corner Brook and St. John’s.
A very aggressive ant species, fire ants grip their prey and inject alkaloid venom through their stinger. An irritant to human skin, this leads to red bumps and scarring. Favouring warm and sunny conditions, fire ants are commonly found in dry fields away from shade and can be found around nursery plants and grassy areas in your yard.
Fire ants are highly protective over the nests and will attack people and animals. Their sting feels like a wasp sting and can be painful. Living in colonies that can contain between 100,000 and 500,000 ants, colonies typically include female worker ants and one queen who lays the eggs.
Wondering how to get rid of fire ants? It’s a difficult task since worker fire ants dig underground tunnels extending up to 25 feet away from the fire ant mound. Therefore, fire ant removal is a job for a specialist exterminator like Terminix Canada. Our team of professionals know which fire ant baits to use and at what times of year too so troublesome fire ants infestations can be tackled swiftly and effectively. Contact us today.
Is any of these ant species calling your space home?
Terminix Canada are experts in identifying and removing all kinds of ant discovered in Newfoundland. Contact us today.
I called these guys at about 7pm on a Sunday night and by 11pm the ant nest in the wall of my house was dead and no ants have been seen since. I didn't meet the tech personally but he was very professional on the phone and easy to deal with.
- Campbell Jamieson
The best company ever!!!!
- Ace Pest
- Stephen Green